What is Psoriasis? How does it differ from other skin conditions (eczema, or allergies)

Itching is not always a sign of eczema. Nor is everything scaly a sign of psoriasis. Several conditions can cause the same red, dry, and inflamed patches on your skin. It’s often difficult to distinguish between them!

There are many features and clues to help distinguish the three common causes of skin inflammation, including eczema and psoriasis.

What is psoriasis

Psoriasis, a chronic autoimmune condition of the skin caused by an overreactive immune response that leads to persistent inflammation, is a chronic skin disorder. Psoriasis is characterized by a rapid proliferation of the skin, resulting in discrete, red plaques covered with scaly, white scales. These psoriatic lesions may sometimes feel “burnt” or sore, but they are less itchy than eczema.

Psoriasis usually appears in adults, unlike eczema, which occurs in children. (85% of all cases occur by the age of one). The outside of the elbows or knees is the most common place for psoriasis, although it can also affect the buttocks, groin, face, and other areas of the body. Psoriasis can affect the nails and scalp, causing small pits or brown spots or separating the pin from its bed.

Guttate psoriasis, a form of psoriasis, is characterized by smaller plaques that appear in an eruption pattern. It’s often associated with strep infections. Joint pain and stiffness are common in psoriatic arthritis. Stress, trauma to the skin, and certain medications can trigger flare-ups. It is not contagious.

Psoriasis Treatment: There is no cure, but there are effective treatments. Usually, the first treatment is steroid creams and vitamin D lotions. When the disease is moderate or severe, systemic medication (whether taken by mouth or injection) and light treatment (phototherapy), as well as systemic medications, are considered.

What is Eczema?

A hypersensitive reaction causes a chronic skin inflammation called eczema. Eczema is most common in childhood, and most people outgrow it by the time they reach their teens. Eczema is often inherited and has a strong connection to asthma and allergies. Eczema is also red and inflamed, just like psoriasis. Eczema, however, is more itchy and less likely to be covered in thick scales. It can instead appear as dry, cracked skin that is peeling off or bumpy skin.

Eczema is more likely to occur on the inside of the arm and behind the knees, which is opposite to where psoriasis tends to develop.

How To Treat Eczema Stress can worsen the condition of eczema, just as it does with psoriasis. Other eczema causes are inadequate moisturizing, the use of harsh detergents, soaps, or personal care products, as well as exposure to cold and dry conditions. Keeping your skin properly moisturized is key to keeping eczema away.

What is Contact Dermatitis?

Contact dermatitis is characterized by red, itchy, and irritated skin. The environment can trigger this condition. Anyone can get it, even those with no history of atopic skin disease. Allergic contact dermitis is an immune-mediated hypersensitivity reaction. The most common causes include nickel, rubber, or other chemicals. Irritant Contact Dermatitis is not hypersensitivity. A chemical or physical irritant directly injures the skin.

How To Treat Skin Allergies Irritants and allergic contact dermatitis are treated in a similar way to eczema. Identifying the allergens can be done by skin testing or patch tests. The removal of the responsible allergens or irritants will lead to complete clearance. This is unlike eczema, which can be chronic and come and go at random intervals.